World Leading Hi-Tech Research Defining World Leading Risk Management & Risk Analytics Practices
*Projects *Goldman Sachs *JP Morgan *Wall Street Hedge Funds *Princeton Quant Presentations *Model Risk Management *SR11-7 & OCC2011-12
*Research *Future of Finance *Bayesian vs. VaR *Markov Chain Monte Carlo Models *Cyber Finance *Future of Risk *Cyber Risk *Bitcoin Protocol

Current Research Projects at Below: Historical Archive of Prior Research, Intelligence, and, Analysis Tools.
10,700 Financial Stocks Trading & Investing Concepts: In Alphabetical Order::
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z. [1,250 Latest Articles]
Interactive Research Portals-Glossary of 10,700 Financial Trading & Investing Terms: L
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Research Analyst Wizard: Click on a term to create most-updated research microsite on that topic.

Labor Burden · Labor Force · Labor Intensive · Ladder Option · Ladder Strategy · Laddered Portfolio · Laddering · Lady Macbeth Strategy · Laffer Curve · Lag Response of Prepayments · Lagging Indicator · Laissez Faire · Lambda Option · Land Banking · Land Contract · Land Lease · Landlocked · Landlord · Lapsed Option · Large Cap · Large Cap Stocks · Large Capitalization Stock · Large Order Execution · Large Trader · Large Traders · Last in First Out · Last Notice Day · Last Sale Reporting · Last Split · Last Survivor Annuity · Last Trade · Last Trading Day · Late Stage Funding · Late Tape · Late Trading · Law of Demand · Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility · Law of Diminishing Returns · Law of Large Numbers · Law of One Price · Law of Supply · Lawful Money · LBO · Lead Investor · Lead Manager · Lead Pipe · Lead Regulator · Lead Time · Lead Underwriter · Leading Economic Indicators · Leading Indicator · Leading the Market · Leaps Long · LEAPS Options · Lease · Lease Acquisition Cost · Lease Purchase Agreement · Lease Rate · Leaseback · Leasehold · Leasehold Improvement · Leasing · Legal Assets · Legal Bankruptcy · Legal Capital · Legal Defeasance · Legal Entity · Legal Investment · Legal Investments · Legal List · Legal Monopoly · Legal Opinion · Legal Risk · Legal Tender · Legal Transfer · Legatee · Legislative Risk · Legitimate · Lemon Problem · Lendable Funds · Lender · Lender Liability Lawsuits · Lender of Last Resort · Lending Agreement · Lending at a Premium · Lending at a Rate · Lending Securities · Lending Standards · Leptokurtosis · LESOP · Lessee Member · Letter Bond · Letter of Allotment · Letter of Application · Letter of Comment · Letter of Credit · Letter of Intent · Letter of Last Instructions · Letter of Renunciation · Letter Security · Letter Stock · Letters Patent · Letters Testamentary · Level 1 Asset · Level 2 Asset · Level 3 Asset · Level Coupon Bond · Level Debt Service · Level I Quotes · Level II Quotes · Level III Quotes · Level Load · Level Pay · Level Playing Field · Level Premium Insurance · Level Term Insurance · Level Three Accounting · Level Three Assets · Leverage · Leverage Clientele · Leverage Ratio · Leverage Ratios · Leverage Rebalancing · Leverage Trading · Leveraged Beta · Leveraged Buyout · Leveraged Company · Leveraged Employee Stock Ownership Plan · Leveraged Equity · Leveraged Investment Company · Leveraged Lease · Leveraged Loan · Leveraged Portfolio · Leveraged Recapitalization · Leveraged Required Return · Leveraged Stock · Leveraging · Levered · Levered Free Cash Flow · Levered Portfolio · Liabilities · Liability · Liability Dividend · Liability Funding Strategies · Liability Insurance · Liability Swap · Liable · Liar Loan · LIBID · Libor · LIBOR · Libor Curve · License · License Agreement · Licensing · Lien Affidavit · Lien Waiver · Lienee · Lienor · Life Annuity · Life Annuity Certain · Life Annuity Certain and Continuous · Life Cycle · Life Expectancy · Life Expectancy Method · Life Income With Period Certain Annuity · Life Insurance · Life Insurance in Force · Life Insurance Policy · Life Insurance Trust · Life of Contract · Life of Loan Cap · Life Tenant · Lifecycle Fund · Lifetime Cap · Lifetime Learning Credit · Lifetime Reverse Mortgage · LIFO · Lifting a Leg · Light Crude Oil · Lighten Up · Like for Like Sales · Like Kind Exchange · Limit Cycles · Limit Down · Limit Move · Limit on Close Order · Limit Order · Limit Order Book · Limit Order Information System · Limit Price · Limit Up · Limitation on Asset Dispositions · Limitation on Conversion · Limitation on Liens · Limitation on Merger, Consolidation, or Sale · Limitation on Sale and Leaseback · Limitation on Subsidiary Borrowing · Limited Company · Limited Convertibility · Limited Discretion · Limited Discretionary Account · Limited Flexibility Exchange Rate System · Limited Liability · Limited Liability Company · Limited Liability Instrument · Limited Liability Partnership · Limited Partner · Limited Partnership · Limited Payment Policy · Limited Policy · Limited Price Order · Limited Risk · Limited Tax Bond · Limited Tax General Obligation Bond · Limited Voting Stock · Limited Warranty · Line of Credit · Linear Arithmetic Scaling · Linear Chart · Linear Programming · Linear Regression · Linking Method · Lintner's Observations · Lipper Index · Lipper Leader · Lipper Mutual Fund Industry Average · Liquid Asset · Liquid Investment · Liquid Market · Liquid Net Worth · Liquid Position · Liquid Yield Option Note · Liquidate · Liquidated Damages · Liquidating Dividend · Liquidating Value · Liquidation · Liquidation Arbitrage · Liquidation by Assignment · Liquidation Level · Liquidation Margin · Liquidation Preference · Liquidation Rights · Liquidation Value · Liquidator · Liquidity · Liquidity Agreement · Liquidity Diversification · Liquidity Event · Liquidity Fund · Liquidity Preference Hypothesis · Liquidity Preference Theory · Liquidity Premium · Liquidity Ratio · Liquidity Ratios · Liquidity Risk · Liquidity Theory of the Term Structure · Listed Company · Listed Firm · Listed Investment · Listed Option · Listed Security · Listed Stocks · Listing Broker · Listing Requirements · Litigate · Little Board · Little Dragons · Living Benefits · Living Trust · Living Will · Load Adjusted Return · Load Fund · Load Spread Option · Load to Load · Loan Amortization · Loan Amortization Schedule · Loan Capital · Loan Commitment · Loan Consent Agreement · Loan Crowd · Loan Debenture · Loan Deposit Ratio · Loan Modification · Loan Note · Loan officer · Loan Origination Fee · Loan Participation Fund · Loan Preference Principle · Loan Schedule · Loan Sharking · Loan Stock · Loan Syndication · Loan to Cost · Loan to Value · Loan to Value Ratio · Loan Value · Loan Value Ratio · Loaned Flat · Local Bill · Local Expectations Hypothesis · Local Expectations Theory · Local Taxes · Location Specific Advantages · Location Spread · Locational Arbitrage · Lock In · Lock Limit · Lock Out · Lock Up CD · Lock Up CDs · Lock Up Option · Lockbox · Locked In · Locked Limit · Locked Market · Locked-In · Lockup Option · Lockup Period · Log Linear Least Squares Method · Logarithmic Chart · Logarithmic Percentage Scaling · Logarithmic/Percentage Scaling · Logistics · Lognormal Distribution · Lombard Rate · London Commodity Exchange · London Gold Market · London Inter Bank Offer Rate · London Interbank Bid Rate · London Interbank Offered Rate · London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange · London International Financial Futures Exchange · London Metal Exchange · London Price Fix · London Stock Exchange · Long Black Body · Long Bond · Long Bonds · Long Coupon · Long Coupons · Long Hedge · Long Leg · Long Legged Doji · Long Market Position · Long Market Value · Long Position · Long Position in an Option · Long Put · Long Run · Long Squeeze · Long Straddle · Long Tail · Long Term · Long Term Anticipation Securities · Long Term Asset · Long Term Assets · Long Term Bond · Long Term Capital Gain · Long Term Care Insurance · Long Term Debt · Long Term Debt Capitalization · Long Term Debt Ratio · Long Term Debt to Equity Ratio · Long Term Equity Anticipation Securities · Long Term Financial Plan · Long Term Financing · Long Term Forward Contracts · Long Term Gain · Long Term Gain or Loss · Long Term Goals · Long Term Investment · Long Term Investor · Long Term Lease · Long Term Liabilities · Long Term Loss · Long Term Mortgage · Long the Basis · Long Wave · Long White Body Japanese CandleStick · Longevity Risk · Longterm Equity Anticipation Security · Look Ahead Bias · Look through Earnings · Lookalike Option · Lookalike Swap · Lookback Option · Looking For · Loose Credit · Lorenz Curve · Loss Carry Back · Loss Carryover · Loss Control Activities · Loss Curve · Loss Given Default · Loss Leader · Loss of Income Insurance · Loss Prevention · Loss Ratio · Louvre Accord · Low Balance Method · Low Ball · Low Coupon Bond Refunding · Low Floater · Low Grade · Low Income Housing Limited Partnership · Low Load Fund · Low Price · Low Price Earnings Ratio Effect · Low Tax Jurisdiction · Loyalty Program · Lucrative Title · Lump Sum Distribution · Luxury Tax · Lyapunov Exponents ·

Research Portals and Glossary of 10,700 Financial Trading & Investing Terms
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z


FinTech Enterprise Risk-Model Risk Management meet Penetration Testing-Ethical Hacking

2015 National CSO-CxO Cybersecurity Conference

Cybersecurity & Cyber-Finance Risk Management: Strategies, Tactics, Operations, &, Intelligence: Enterprise Risk Management to Model Risk Management: Understanding Vulnerabilities, Threats, & Risk Mitigation

CSO-CxO Plenary Keynote, National Cybersecurity Summit, Altria Group Inc. Headquarters, VA, 2015

New York Cyber Security and Engineering Technology Association (NYSETA) Conference
A Framework for Pen Testing Network Protocols for Global Banking & Finance Call Centers: Bridging Networks, Systems, and, Controls Frameworks for Cybersecurity Curricula & Standards Development
(Innovative Design and Development Practices)

New York Cyber Security and Engineering Technology Association (NYSETA) Conference, 2015.

29 SSRN Top-10 Paper Rankings in FinTech Quant Risk Analytics-Model Risk Management
  1. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: CGN: Risk Management Practice: January 2016.
  2. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: CGN: Risk Management, Including Hedging & Derivatives: January 2016.
  3. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: Corporate Governance Practice Series eJournal: January 2016.
  4. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: IRPN: Innovation & Cyberlaw & Policy: January 2016.
  5. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: Econometrics: Mathematical Methods & Programming eJournal: May 2015.
  6. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: Computational Techniques: May 2015.
  7. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: Information Systems & Economics eJournal: May 2015.
  8. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: Econometrics: Mathematical Methods & Programming eJournal: April 2015.
  9. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: ERN: Computational Techniques (Topic): April 2015.
  10. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: Econometric Modeling: Risk Management eJournal: March 2015.
  11. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: Econometric Modeling: Capital Markets - Risk eJournal: March 2015.
  12. SSRN's Top-10 Paperr: Econometric Modeling: Capital Markets - Risk eJournal: March 2015.
  13. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: MRN Operations Research Network eJournal: March 2015.
  14. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: OPER Subject Matter eJournal: March 2015.
  15. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: Systemic Risk (Topic): March 2015.
  16. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: Econometrics: Mathematical Methods & Programming eJournal: March 2015.
  17. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: Econometric & Statistical Methods - Special Topics eJournal: February 2015.
  18. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: Microeconomics: Decision-Making under Risk & Uncertainty eJournal: February 2015.
  19. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: VaR Value-at-Risk (Topic): February 2015.
  20. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: ERN: Uncertainty & Risk Modeling (Topic): February 2015.
  21. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: ERN: Econometric & Statistical Methods (Topic): February 2015.
  22. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: Computational Techniques (Topic): February 2015.
  23. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: OPER: Analytical (Topic): February 2015.
  24. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: ERN: Mathematical Methods & Programming (Topic): February 2015.
  25. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: Stochastic Models eJournal: February 2015
  26. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: Econometric Modeling: Capital Markets - Risk eJournal: January 2015.
  27. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: Microeconomics: Decision-Making under Risk & Uncertainty eJournal: January 2015.
  28. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: Uncertainty & Risk Modeling (Topic): January 2015.
  29. SSRN's Top-10 Paper: VaR Value-at-Risk (Topic): January 2015.

Princeton University Invited FinTech Research Presentation on Model Risk Management
Pioneering the FinTech Future of Global Cyber Finance and Cyber Risk Insurance

'"It is this "true" uncertainty, and not risk, as has been argued, which forms the basis of a valid theory of profit and accounts for the divergence between actual and theoretical competition... It is a world of change in which we live, and a world of uncertainty...If we are to understand the workings of the economic system we must examine the meaning and significance of uncertainty; and to this end some inquiry into the nature and function of knowledge itself is necessary."
-- Frank H. Knight
Risk, Uncertainty, and Profit

(Boston, MA: Hart, Schaffner & Marx; Houghton Mifflin Co), 1921.

Risk, Uncertainty, and Profit: Frank Knight
(Boston, MA: Hart, Schaffner & Marx; Houghton Mifflin Co), 1921.

2015 Princeton Quant Trading Conference
'Knight Reconsidered':
Risk, Uncertainty, and, Profit for the Cyber Era: Model Risk Management of Cyber Insurance Models using Quantitative Finance and Advanced Analytics

(Global Risk Management Network, LLC, 2015).

Top Wall Street Banks' Model Risk Management Beyond VaR for Extreme Risks
FinTech Technical Expert to Top MDs Team for World's Largest Investment Bank

Cryptanalytic Algorithms and Quantum ComputingBeyond 'Bayesian vs. VaR' Dilemma to Empirical Model Risk Management: How to Manage Risk (After Risk Management Has Failed).
(Global Risk Management Network, LLC, 2012, 2014)

Cryptanalytic Algorithms and Quantum Computing

Measuring & Managing Financial Risks with Improved Alternatives Beyond Value-At-Risk (VaR)
(Global Risk Management Network, LLC, 2012).

FinTech Markov Chain Monte Carlo Models and Bitcoin Block Chain Encryption Protocols

Markov Chain Monte Carlo Models, Gibbs Sampling, and, Metropolis-Hastings Algorithms

Markov Chain Monte Carlo Models,
Gibbs Sampling, and, Metropolis-Hastings Algorithms

(Global Risk Management Network, LLC, 2013).
Complex Stochastics Hi-Dimensional Statistical Analysis

Bitcoin Protocol: Model of ‘Cryptographic Proof’ Based Global Crypto-Currency & Electronic Payments System
Bitcoin Protocol: Model of 'Cryptographic Proof' Based Global Crypto-Currency & Electronic Payments System
(Global Risk Management Network, LLC, 2013).
First Report on the Bitcoin Cryptographic-Proof-of-Work

FinTech Computational Quantitative Cryptanalytic Algorithms for Cyber-Quantum Era

Cryptanalytic Algorithms and Quantum ComputingFuture of Bitcoin & Statistical Probabilistic Quantitative Methods: Interview by Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants
(Global Risk Management Network, LLC, January 20, 2014.)

Cryptanalytic Algorithms and Quantum Computing
Cryptology beyond Shannon’s Information Theory: Preparing for when the ‘Enemy Knows the System’: Beyond NSF Cryptanalytic Algorithms
(Global Risk Management Network, LLC, 2013.)

AACSB Recognizes Real Impact among Nobel Laureates such as Black-Scholes
Pioneered Anticipatory Risk Analytics Frameworks Applied by Top Investment Banks 

“There are many examples illustrating that advances in basic research have had a substantial impact on practice. Exemplars of this phenomenon can be seen in finance through academic publications on the theories of portfolio selection (Markowitz, 1952), irrelevance of capital structure (Modigliani and Miller, 1958), capital asset pricing (Sharpe, 1964), efficient markets (Fama, 1965 and 1970), option pricing (Black and Scholes, 1973), and agency theory (Jensen and Meckling, 1976). All are well-known for their substantial impact on both theory and practice. In information systems, the research of Malhotra (Malhotra, 2004) has helped companies to understand why knowledge management systems fail...



Cryptanalytic Algorithms and Quantum Computing

“The new business model of the Information Age, however, is marked by fundamental, not incremental, change. Businesses can't plan long-term; instead, they must shift to a more flexible "anticipation-of-surprise" model.”
-- Yogesh Malhotra in CIO Magazine interview, Sep. 15, 1999.


Leading Global Enterprise Risk Management and Model Risk Management Practices

"The future is moving so quickly that you can’t anticipate it… We have put a tremendous emphasis on quick response instead of planning. We will continue to be surprised, but we won't be surprised that we are surprised. We will anticipate the surprise."
20-Years of the Model Risk Management Program
  “The new business model of the Information Age, however, is marked by fundamental, not incremental, change. Businesses can't plan long-term; instead, they must shift to a more flexible "anticipation-of-surprise" model.”
-- Yogesh Malhotra in CIO Magazine interview, Sep. 15, 1999.
[A Decade Later... Wall Street CEO, CFOs, & CROs know so... ]
Model Risk Management Program


Global-National Expert Panels of Computer Scientists & Quantitative Economists
Global-National Thought Leader for UN, NSF, US & World Governments & Parliaments

National Science Foundation  IBM

  USA Federal Government
US Dept. of Veteran Affairs

Government and Cabinet Of Mexico

United Nations

Government and Cabinet Of Netherlands

Nation of South Korea
Maeil Business TV

TiE Silicon Valley  Accenture
Intel  Philips
British Telecom  Institute for Supply Management
The Conference Board


Digital Transformation Research in Global Business & Technology Press

CIO Magazine
CIO Insight
Wall Street Journal

Digital Transformation Ventures in Global Business & Technology Press

Media Coverage Media Coverage

Digital Transformation Venture Clients, Patrons, & Subscribers

A sample of our corporate and organizational clients, patrons, and users is listed below:

FinTech Firms: Goldman Sachs, Google, HP, IBM, Intel, Microsoft, Ogilvy, Wells Fargo

Consulting Firms: Accenture, Ernst & Young, McKinsey, PricewaterhouseCoopers

World Governments: Australia, Canada, European Union, United Kingdom, United States

U.S. Defense: AFRL, Air Force, Army, CCRP, Comptroller, DISA, DoD, NASA, Navy, RAND

World Defense: Australia (Air Force), Canada (Defence R&D), UK (Ministry of Defence)

Business Schools: Harvard, MIT, Princeton, Stanford, UC Berkeley, Wharton


"Founder Yogesh Malhotra says his vision is to fill the gaps between business and technology, data and knowledge, and, theory and practice..."
Dr. Yogesh Malhotra in Fortune


Cyber Transformation Practices Guiding US DoD Commanders & CxOs
("Obsolete what you know before others obsolete it..."
- Dr. Yogesh Malhotra in Inc. Interview)

United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps AFRL
"If you spend some time at [the digital research lab] founded by Dr. Malhotra youwill be blessed by some of the world's most astute thinking on the nature of knowledge and its value." 
- U.S. Army Knowledge Symposium, Theme: "Knowledge Dominance: Transforming the Army...from Tooth to Tail", US Department of Defense, United States Army.

"There are many definitions of knowledge management. It has been described as "a systematic process for capturing and communicating knowledge people can use." Others have said it is "understanding what your knowledge assets are and how to profit from them." Or the flip side of that: "to obsolete what you know before others obsolete it." (Malhotra) "
- U.S. Department of Defense, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller)

"KM is obsoleting what you know before others obsolete it and profit by creating the challenges and opportunities others haven't even thought about -- Dr. Yogesh Malhotra, in Inc. Technology Interview"
- U.S. Defense Information Systems Agency Interoperability Directorate


Top-3 Most Influential Scholars-Practitioners
in Knowledge Management
(Ranked in Drexel University Global Survey of IS Practice)

Vision Korea Campaign Keynotes
Dr. Yogesh Malhotra among other 'Vision Korea' National Campaign Keynote Speakers in Vision Korea National Campaign (2000): Dr.Charles Lucier of Booz Allen Hamilton, Dr.David Snowden of IBM, Dr.Robert H. Buckman of Buckman Labs, Dr.Hubert Saint-Onge of Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, Professor Dr.Ikujiro Nonaka of Hitotsubashi University


Pioneered Knowledge Management Digital Transformation Practices
Led Global Virtual Team of 200-PhD Experts & CxOs to Publish Pioneering Research

Published in 2000
Published in 2001

Journal Articles & Reports 1993-Present

Published independent Study paper on computer graphics image compression standards for hypermedia computing technologies, the precursor of WWW, on MBA graduate research fellowship with B2B pioneer and full tuition scholarship in 1993.


Developed Top Digital Research Site, Search Engine, & Social Network

Top-Ranked Digital Research Site: Computerworld Best Web Site Award

Top-3 Search Engine: Carnegie Mellon University Industry.Net National Awards

Top-10 Social Network: Popular Rankings after LinkedIn

Led Global Virtual Community of Practice of 130,000+ to Pioneer Digital Transformation Practices
Millions of worldwide users included Global-2000 Corporations and G-20 World Governments.


Top-3 Search Engines Ranked in the Carnegie Mellon University: National Industry.Net Awards

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